The Major Prophets

Author:  Joshua Meadowcroft

Elijah

–       The first encounter with Elijah is seen in relationship with King Ahab (1 Kings 17:1).

–       It’s unknown at what time in Ahab’s 37 year reign this occurred.

–       Elijah’s final known interaction is with King Jehoram of Judah before Elisha takes his place as prophet (2 Chron 21:12).

–       This year(s) chosen for this is 3054/3055.

–       It difficult with any certainty to indicate how long Elijah ministered as Prophet.  It could have been a maximum of 24 years according to the information we have.  Perhaps Elijah started before Ahab.


Elisha

–       At some point Elijah anointed Elisha to serve him and eventually take his place (1 Kings 19:16-19).

–       Elisha had already taken Elisha’s place sometime while Jehoshaphat of Judah and Joram of Israel reigned at the same time (2 Kings 3:6-11).

–       The window this could have happened in was from 3048-3055

–       The years chosen is 3054 or 3055 (it takes into account the overall picture with Elijah)

–       This would also mean that Elisha was anointed to serve Elijah as much as 10 years earlier then when Jehu became King (3064).  (1 Kings 19:16 makes it seem that these happen at about the same time).

–       Elisha died during the reign of Joash, King of Israel (2 Kings 13:14, 20).

–       Joash reigned from 3109-3122 (middle year is 3115).

–       If Elisha began in 3054/3055 and died in 3115 he ministered as Prophet for about 60 years.

 

Isaiah

–       Isaiah spoke his vision during Uzziah, Jotham, Ahaz and Hezekiah; kings of Judah (1:1)

–       We know that from Chapter 6:1 that in the year Uzziah died Isaiah has another vision.  Jotham would be reigning during this time and chapter 7 starts with King Ahaz.

–       We can safely say that chapters 1-5 were in the life, perhaps the closing years, of Uzziah.

–       It’s unknown how long Isaiah ministered as prophet before the year Uzziah died.   We can safely say this was at least one year.

–       The last known interaction Isaiah has with Hezekiah is when God grants Hezekiah 15 more years of life.  It’s unknown if Isaiah continued through those 15 years.

–       The range for Isaiah is set at 3202-3246 (44yr reign).

 

Jeremiah

–       The opening verses of Jeremiah say he prophesied from the 13th year of King Josiah (3330) through the 11th year of King Zedekiah (3371); when Babylon took Jerusalem.

–       This would be a span of 41 years.

–       Chapter 25:18 would suggest that he may have prophesied a little longer, using the phrase ‘as it is this day’ speaking of how Jerusalem had already fallen.

 

Ezekiel

–       The first appearance of Ezekiel is seen in the 5th year of Jehoiachin’s captivity (1:1-2), (3364)

–       The phrase ‘in the 30th year’ of 1:1 is thought to either be his age or the time since the covenant Josiah made in his 18th year reign (2 Kings 22:3).

–       The latest year referenced in the book of Ezekiel is in 29:17.  This was the vision of Daniel in the 27th year of Jehoiachin’s captivity.  This would be year 3386.

–       This span would be 22 years.

 

Daniel

–       Daniel 1:1 says Judah was besieged the 3rd year of Jehoiakim where Daniel and others were taken captive.  This would be year 3351.

–       Jeremiah 25:1 says that actual captivity of all Judah began in the 4th year of Jehoiakim (3352).

–      There are a handful of time references all along Daniel’s life in his book connected to both Babylonian and Medo/Persian king reigns.  The latest reference in Daniel is in 10:1, the 3rd year of Cyrus, King of Persia.  This would be year 3424.